Biblical Greek Resources
Compendium of Greek Phonology This is my own summary of some of the chief phonological factors involved in Greek morphology and lexicology; it is intended to render the memorization of apparently irregular paradigms more intelligible, even if no less tedious to learn. This PDF file is pages 63-75 of A Supplement to Reading Greek, an unpublished book of materials originally prepared for my students in Beginning Greek at Washington University. I am now in the process of revising it as as "Supplement to Beginning Greek Textbooks" for use with a variety of Classical Attic and Koine primers.
Funk, Beginning-Intermediate Grammar of Hellenistic Greek: Introductory materials: This is an extract from Robert W. Funk's 3-volume textbook of Koine greek, first published in 1973 and long out of print. The materials here extracted set forth the rationale of Funk's method and sketch the linguistic framework on which the textbook and teaching program are organized. I have long thought that these are the principles that ought to govern the teaching and learning of ancient Greek at any level, whether Homeric, Classical Attic, or Koine.
SOME MAJOR GREEK VERB ROOTS AND PRINCIPAL PARTS OF VERBS (PDF). Principal parts of Classical Attic verb roots and the and the roots incorporated in them.
IrregularVerbsGNT.pdf A listing that I've drawn up from the vocabulary of Mounce's Basics of Biblical Greek, indicating frequency in the GNT, basic English meanings, principal parts, form(s) of the simple root of the verb, and some comment on idiosyncracies of each verb.
NewObsAncGrkVc.pdf "New Observations on Ancient Greek Voice": PDF version of my Nov. 19, 2002 expansive revision of my original B-Greek message of May 27, 1997, "Observations on Ancient Greek Voice."
Active, Middle, and Passive: Understanding Ancient Greek Voice This is a 9-page introduction to how the different voices in ancient Greek work; it is intended to give practical guidance based upon principles set forth in the longer article indicated above, "New Observations on Ancient Greek Voice."
"Aorist Passive" in -η/-θη.pdf Extracts from Pierre Chantraine and Andrew Sihler on the origin of the aorist intransitive and "passive" verb forms, here made available as documentation for "New Observations on Ancient Greek Voice" above.
An Overview of the Ancient Greek Verb: it consists of a section A that tabulates all the endings of the finite verb as well as infinitives and participles, and a section B that catalogs the six tense-systems in terms of roots and stems formed from those roots and illustrates the linking of stems and endings by presenting "synopses" of a particular person and number.
AppendixNunn.pdf Appendix of H.P.V. Nunn, A Short Syntax of New Testament Greek (Cambridge U.P., 1913); this appendix contains Greek texts of Acts 10 and of the following extracts from early Christian Literature: selections from The Didache, I (?) Clement (to the
Corinthians), Hermas, Gospel acc. to Peter, "The Christians In The World" (author unk.), Martyrdom of Ignatius, Martyrdom of Carpus, Martyrdom of Polycarp, Justin Martyr's apology, Lucian's view of Christians, and the Last Words of Socrates. The Greek texts are annotated with simple glosses and references to items in the grammar.
A Supplement to Reading Greek (1999) The materials included in this collection are all supplementary handouts which I have distributed piecemeal in roughly twenty years of teaching Beginning Greek at Washington University in St. Louis with the JACT Cambridge Greek Course entitled Reading Greek. Including are listings of Principal Parts of Irregular Verbs, Charts showing construction of the six systems involved in conjugation of the Greek verb, and a brief selection of readings illustrating the history of the Greek language from early inscriptions to 20th-century poetry. Anyone who uses this booklet should note that my account of the verbal voice system has undergone considerable change and should consult Active, Middle, and Passive: Understanding Ancient Greek Voice (listed above) for a better account of voice usage.
Selections illustrating Greek Linguistic History This was part of the above Supplement to Reading Greek; it contains several annotated documents illustrating the history of the Greek language from the 6th c. BCE Nicanda inscription to an early 20th-century poem by C.P. Cavafy. Included also are some papyri of the early Christian era from Egypt, some selections from Phrynicus regarding Atticism vs. Koine phraseology, and some items from the Byzantine era.
Reading to Keep Alive and Extend Greek Skills
(These files are, for the most part, annotated Latin texts of the poems indicated)
- Greek Mythology Essay Topic Sentences