Introduction and methods of research

Course overview and some comments on life expectancy



What is aging?

Arking, R. A. (1998) . Perspectives on Aging.  In, Biology of Aging, pp. 3-26


Morris, J. C. (1999).  Is Alzheimer’s disease inevitable with Aging.  


Salthouse, T. (1991). Dimensions of variation. In Theoretical Perspectives on Cognitive aging, 15-30.





Research issues in Aging

Arking, R. A. (1998) . Measuring age-related change in individuals.  In, Biology of Aging, pp. 3-26


Salthouse, T.A. (2000).  Methodological assumptions in cognitive aging research.  In, Handbook of Cognitive Aging, 2nd Ed., pp. 467-498.



Sensory changes and aging



Vision and aging

Fozard, J.L. (1990). Vision and Hearing, in Birren, J. and Schaie, W. (eds). Handbook of the Psychology of Aging, 3rd Edition, 150-159


Owsley, C., Ball, K., McGwin, G., Jr., Sloane, M. E., Roenker, D. L., White, M. F., et al. (1998). Visual processing impairment and risk of motor vehicle crash among older adults. Jama, 279(14), 1083-1088.


Lord, S. R. (2006). Visual risk factors for falls in older people. Age Ageing, 35 Suppl 2, ii42-ii45





Age-related changes in the Audiory System

**CHABA (1985). Speech understanding and Aging. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 83, 860-895

**WE will only cover 860-868 for this section. It is likely we will read the remainder when we study speech and aging

Humes, L.E., Wilson, D., Barlow, N., and Garner, C. (2002).  Changes in hearing-aid benefit following 1 0r 2 years of hearing-aid use by older adults.

Murphy, D.R., Schneider, B., Speranza, F. and Moraglia, G. (2006). A Comparison of higher order auditory processes in Younger and older adults. Psychology and aging, 21, 763-773.



The chemical senses

Murphy, C., Schubert, C. R., Cruickshanks, K. J., Klein, B. E., Klein, R., & Nondahl, D. M. (2002). Prevalence of olfactory impairment in older adults. Jama, 288, 2307-2312.

Rolls, B. J. (1999). Do chemosensory changes influence food intake in the elderly? Physiol Behav, 66, 193-197.

Konstantinidis, I., Hummel, T. and Larson, M. (2006). Identification of unpleasant odors is independent of age. Archives of Clinical Neurology, 21,615-621.




Sensory integration.

Cienkowski, K. M. and Carney, A. E. (2002).  Auditory-visual speech perception and aging.  Ear and Hearing, 23, 439-449.

Sommers, M.S., Tye-Murray, N. and Spehar, B. (2005).  Auditory-visual speech perception and visual enhancement in normal-hearing younger and older adults.

Laurienti, P. J., Burdette, J. H., Maldjian, J. A., & Wallace, M. T. (2006). Enhanced multisensory integration in older adults. Neurobiology of aging, 27(8), 1155-1163




Sleep, circadian rhythms and optimal time of testing

Martin, J., Shochat, T, and Ancoli-Israel, S. (2000).  Assessment and treatment of sleep disturbances in older adults.  Clinical Psychology Review, 20, 783-805

Intons-Peterson, M. J., Rocchi, P., West, T. McLellan, K. and Hackney, A. (1999).  Age, testing at preferred or nonpreferred times (testing optimality) and false memory.  JEP:LMC, 25, 23-40.




Interrelation among sensory changes and practical consequences of sensory impairment

Brenan, M., Horowitz, A & Su, Y. (2005). Dual Sensory Loss and Its Impact on Everyday Competence. Gerontologist, 3, 347-354.

Wallhage, M. I., Strawbridge, W. J., Shema, S. J., Kurate, J., and Kaplan, G. A. (2001).  Comparative impact of hearing and vision impairment on subsequent functioning. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 49, 1086-1092.

Marsiske, M., Klumb, P., & Baltes, M. M. (1997). Everyday Activity Patterns and Sensory Functioning In Old Age. Psychology & Aging, 12(3), 444-457.


Anatomical and physiological changes to the brain


Raz, N. and Rodrigue, K. M. (2006). Differential aging of the brain: Patterns, cognitive correlates and modifiers. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 30, 730-748.

Hedden, T. and Gabrelli, J. (2004). Insights into the aging mind: a view from cognitive neuroscience. Nature Reviews, 5, 87-96.

Cognitive changes and aging

The common cause hypothesis

Baltes, P. B., & Lindenberger, U. (1997). Emergence of a powerful connection between sensory and cognitive functions across the adult life span: A new window to the study of cognitive aging. Psychology and Aging, 12, 12-21.

Anstey, K. J., Luszcz, M. A., & Sanchez, L. (2001). A reevaluation of the common factor theory of shared variance among age, sensory function, and cognitive function in older adults. Journals of Gerontology Series B Psychological Sciences & Social Sciences, 56, 3.

Dulay, M.F. and Murphy, C.  (2002). Olfactory acuity and cognitive function converge in older adulthood:  Support for the common cause hypothesis.  Psychology and Aging, 17, (3) 392-404.

Inhibitory deficit hypothesis of cognitive aging-I

MacLeod, C. M. (in press). The concept of inhibition. In Gorfein and C. McCleod (Eds). Inhibition and Cognition, pp.3-23

Hasher, L., & Zacks, R. T. (1988). Working memory, comprehension, and aging: A review and new view. The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, 22, 193-225.

Kramer, A. F., Humphrey, D.G. Larish, J. F., Logan, G.D. and Strayer, D.L. (1994). Aging and inhibition: Beyond a unitary view of inhibitory processing in attention, Psychology and Aging, 9, 491-512.

Inhibitory deficit hypothesis of cognitive aging-II

Burke, D. M. and Osborne, G.(in press). Aging an inhibition deficits: Where are the effects? In Gorfein and C. McLeod, Inhibtion in cognition, pp. 163-183.

Lustig, C., Hasher, L., and Zacks, R. (in press). Inhibitory defict theory: Recent developments in a “New View”.  In Gorfein and C. McCleod (Eds). Inhibition and Cognition, pp.145-162.

Faust, M. E. and Balota, D.B. (in press). Inhibition, facilitation and attentional control in dementia of the Alzheimer’s type: The role of unifying principles in cognitive theory development. In Gorfein and C. McCleod (Eds). Inhibition and Cognition, pp.213-238.

General slowing and cognitive aging -I

Myerson, J., Lawrence, B., Hale, S., Jenkins, L., & Chen, J. (1998). General slowing of lexical and nonlexical information processing in dementia of the Alzheimer type. Aging Neuropsychology & Cognition., 5, 182-193.

Salthouse, T. A. (1996). The processing-speed theory of adult age differences in cognition. Psychological Review, 103, 403-428

General slowing and cognitive aging – II

Salthouse, T.A. (2000). Aging and measures of processing speed. Biological Psychology, 54, 35-54.

Faust, M. E., Balota, D.A., Spieler, D. H. and Ferraro, F. R. (1999)Individual differences in information-processing rate and amount: Implications for group differences in response latency. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 777-799.

Executive function

Treitz, F.H., Heider, K. and Daum, I. (2007). Differential Course of Executive Control Changes During Normal Aging, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, 14: 370–393.

Salthouse, T.A. (2003).  Executive functioning as a potential mediatior of age-related cognitive decline in normal adults. JEP:LMC 132, 566-594.

Insel, K., Morrow, D., Brewer, B. Figuered, A. (2006). Executive Function, Working Memory, and Medication Adherence Among Older Adults, Journal of Gerontology: PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES 61, P102–P107.

Episodic memory

Naveh-Benjamin, M. (2000). Adult age differences in memory performance: tests of an associative deficit hypothesis. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn, 26, 1170

Mitchell, D.B. (1989). How many memory systems: Evidence from aging. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn.,15, 31-49.

Craik, F.I.M. and McDowd, J. M. (1987). Age differences in recall and recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 13, 474-479.

Other memory systems -I

Multhaup, K.S., Balota, D.A., and Faust, M. (2003). Exploring semantic memory by investigating buildup and release of proactive interference in healthy older adults and individuals with dementia of the Alzheimer type. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 9,830-838.

 Mitchell, D. B. and Bruss, P. J. (2003).  Age differences in implicit memory:  Conceptual, perceptual, or methodological

Mitchell, D. B., Brown, A. S., & Murphy, D. R. (1990). Dissociations between procedural and episodic memory: effects of time and aging. Psychology & Aging, 5, 264-276


Other memory systems -II

Naveh-Benjamin, M., & Craik, F. I. (1995). Memory for context and its use in item memory: Comparisons of younger and older persons. Psychology and Aging, 10, 284-293.

Park, D. C., Hertzog, C., Kidder, D. P., Morrell, R. W., Mayhorn, C. B. (1997).  Effects of age on event-based and time-based prospective memory.  Psychology and Aging, 12, 314-327.

Rubin, D.C. (2000). Autobiographical memory and aging. In D. Park and N. Schwarz (Eds.). Cognitive aging: A Primer. p.131-149.


Attention and aging

Greenwood, P. M., Parasuraman, R., & Alexander, G. E. (1997). Controlling the focus of spatial attention during visual search: effects of advanced aging and Alzheimer disease. Neuropsychology, 11, 3-12.

Humes, L. E., Lee, J. H., & Coughlin, M. P. (2006). Auditory measures of selective and divided attention in young and older adults using single-talker competition. J Acoust Soc Am, 120, 2926-2937.

Madden, D. J., Whiting, W. L., Cabeza, R., & Huettel, S. A. (2004). Age-related preservation of top-down attentional guidance during visual search. Psychol Aging, 19, 304-309.

Training and cognitive function

Bherer, L., Kramer, A. F., Peterson, M. S., Colcombe, S., Erickson, K., & Becic, E. (2006). Testing the limits of cognitive plasticity in older adults: application to attentional control. Acta Psychol (Amst), 123, 261-278.

Colcombe, S., & Kramer, A. F. (2003). Fitness effects on the cognitive function of older adults: a meta-analytic study. Psychol Sci, 14, 125-130.

Colcombe, S. J., Erickson, K. I., Scalf, P. E., Kim, J. S., Prakash, R., McAuley, E., et al. (2006). Aerobic exercise training increases brain volume in aging humans. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 61, 1166-1170.

Craik, F. I., Winocur, G., Palmer, H., Binns, M. A., Edwards, M., Bridges, K., et al. (2007). Cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly: effects on memory. J Int Neuropsychol Soc, 13, 132-142.

Emotion and aging

Carstensen, L. L., & Mikels, J. A. (2005). At the Intersection of Emotion and Cognition Aging and the Positivity Effect, Current Directions in Psychological Science, 117-121.

Kensinger, E. A., O'Brien, J. L., Swanberg, K., Garoff-Eaton, R. J., & Schacter, D. L. (2007). The effects of emotional content on reality-monitoring performance in young and older adults. Psychol Aging, 22, 752-764.

Wurm, L. H., Labouvie-Vief, G., Aycock, J., Rebucal, K. A., & Koch, H. E. (2004). Performance in auditory and visual emotional stroop tasks: a comparison of older and younger adults. Psychol Aging, 19, 523-535.

Psychopathology and aging

Charney, D. S., Reynolds, C. F., 3rd, Lewis, L., Lebowitz, B. D., Sunderland, T., Alexopoulos, G. S., et al. (2003). Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance consensus statement on the unmet needs in diagnosis and treatment of mood disorders in late life. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 60, 664-672.

Harvey, P. D., Reichenberg, A., & Bowie, C. R. (2006). Cognition and aging in psychopathology: focus on schizophrenia and depression. Annu Rev Clin Psychol, 2, 389-409.

Depp, C. A., & Jeste, D. V. (2004). Bipolar disorder in older adults: a critical review. Bipolar Disord, 6, 343-367.

Personality and Aging

Duchek, J. M., Balota, D. A., Storandt, M., & Larsen, R. (2007). The power of personality in discriminating between healthy aging and early-stage Alzheimer's disease. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci, 62, P353-361.

Kumari, V., D. H., Williams, S. C., & Gray, J. A. (2004). Personality predicts brain responses to cognitive demands. J Neurosci, 24, 10636-10641.

Terracciano, A., McCrae, R. R., Brant, L. J., & Costa, P. T., Jr. (2005). Hierarchical linear modeling analyses of the NEO-PI-R scales in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Psychol Aging, 20, 493-506.


Everyday problem solving

Blanchard-Fields, F., Jahnke, H. C., & Camp, C. (1995). Age differences in problem-solving style: the role of emotional salience. Psychol Aging, 10, 173-180.

Diehl, M., Willis, S. L., & Schaie, K. W. (1995). Everyday problem solving in older adults: observational assessment and cognitive correlates. Psychol Aging, 10, 478-491.



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